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Visit North India --» North India Travel Guide --» Agra Travel Guide

Agra Travel Guide


Taj Mahal Agra Travel Guide IndiaAgra is famous as being home to one of the seven wonders of the world-the Taj Mahal. Agra has three heritage monuments-The Taj Mahal, Red Fort & Fatehpur Sikri. Agra is situated in the North India state of Uttar Pradesh and is at a distance of 200 km away from Delhi . The most visited tourist site in India, Agra boasts of the ethereal Taj Mahal whose sublime beauty continues to mesmerize millions. Besides, there are many more attractive sites scattered all across Agra, which are known for their sheer beauty and splendor. In fact, a visit to India can never be complete without a visit to Agra. Not surprising , for the Mughal emperors with their passion for building, endowed the city with some of the finest structures in the world . It is very easy to slip away here through the centuries into the grandeur and intrigues of the Mughal court .

Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soastone by craftsman who are descendant of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its inlay work on marbal and leather shoes. Agra was once the capital of the Mughal empire and even today it seems to linger in the past. While its significance as a political centre ended with the transfer of the capital to Delhi in 1634 by Shah Jahan, its architectural wealth has secured its place on the international map.

Agra became popular when Sikandar Lodi made it his capital city in 1501. Agra passed into the possession of the Mughals. Agra name was derived from Agrabana. During the time of the third emperor Akbar constructed Agra Fort in 1565. Though Akbar was diverted into building a new capital at Fatehpur sikri not far away. Agra continued to retain its importance and Shah Jehan, Akbar's garndson ornamented the city with that masterpiece of Mughal architecture - the Taj Mahal and built several other beautiful buildings within the Agra fort.


Taj Mahal Agra Travel Guide IndiaHow to Reach Agra

By Road: Agra is 200 km from Delhi and excellently connected to all parts of the country. Some important road distances from Agra are: Bharatpur-54 km., Gwalior-110 km., Jaipur-235 km., Khajuraho-400 km., Lucknow-369 km., Mathura-50 km., Varanasi-605 km.

By Air :
Indian airlines ( Airport is about 9 km. from Govt. of India Tourist Office.)

By Rail: Agra is a major railway junction on main broad guage routes to the south, east and west. Two of the best trains viz. Shatabdi Express (between Delhi and Bhopal ) and Taj Express (between Delhi and Gwalior) are available to access agra . Some other train servicing the city are : G.T. Express (New Delhi to Chennai), Dadar Express (Mumbai to Amritsar), Jhelum Express ( Jammu to Pune), Kalinga Utkal Express (New Delhi to Puri), Karnataka Express (New Delhi to Trivendrum).


Places of Interest in Agra

Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1653 A.D., as the final resting place for his favourite Queen, Mumtaz. Finished in by Marvel, it is perhaps India most fascinating and beautiful monument. This perfectly symmetrical monuments took 22 years (1630-1652) of hard labour and 20,000 workers, Masons and Jewellers to built and is set amidst landscaped gardens.

Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri is an epic in red sandstone was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar during 1564 A.D. A city of yeasteryear, today lost in the mists of time. Fatehpur Sikri Mughal Emperor Akbar had no heir. He visited holy men to enlist their prayers for his son.

Sikandra Fort Agra Travel Guide IndiaSikandra Fort
Sikandra Fort is completed by Jahangir, son of Mughal empror Akbar in 1613 A.D. The mausolumn of emperor Akbar represent his philosphy and secular outlook, combining the best of Hindu and Muslim architectures in a superlative region. It is one of the well preserved monuments. This is the last resting place of the Mughal Empror Akbar.

Agra Fort
The great Mughal Emperor Akbar started the construction of the Agra Fort in 1565 A.D., and additions were made till the time of his grandson Shah Jahan.

Itmad-Ud-Daulah
Itmad-ud-Daulah is the tomb of Mirza Ghyas Beg, a persian who had obtained service in Akbar Court. The Marvel tomb was made by Emperor Jehangir's Queen, Noorjahan, for his father Mirza Ghyas Beg during 1622-1628 A.D.The Craftmanship at Itmad-ud-Daulah foreshadows that of the Taj Mahal. It was here that. "Pietra Dura"-the inlay work on marble-so characteristic of the Taj-was first used.

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